Hamilton Halton Construction Association   Ontario Architecture  
Mohawk College Building and Construction
home Contact Building Styles Building Terms About This Site


The stone that decorates the bottom of the spring of an arch. This can be plain as in the example from Hadrian's Villa or ornate as in the kneestones found in the Loire Valley and other parts of France, Italy, Spain, and England.

Charlevale - France (17th c.)
Orange - France (50 A.D.)
Chateau d'- Amboise - France (1500)
Chateau de Chenonceau - France (1500)
Chateau d'- Amboise - France (1500)
Barcelona - Spain
Santa Maria Sopra Minerva - Rome - Italy (16th c.)
Hadrian's Villa - Italy (126 A.D.)